It is an 'in your face' city that shocks and charms the unsuspecting visitor. KOLKATA The City Of Joy 2. It is also known as the cultural capital of India. Howrah Station is said to be the busiest station in India for its capacity, and capability of handling plenty numbers of unique trains on a daily basis. Elina is a passionate blogger. Satellite view is showing Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta), capital of India's West Bengal state, a major river port and the third most populous city in India (after Delhi and Mumbai). Kolkata was earlier known as Calcutta. Kolkata is currently under the jurisdiction of the Kolkata Municipal Corporation. The city was renamed, Kolkata in 2001. Kolkata is also famous for the cheap stuff available owing to its proximity to all the major ports around the globe. It is also the second … And currently as per the area it covers, Kolkata is said to be the second largest city after New Delhi, beating Mumbai and Bangaluru. Coauthor of. It is the headquarters of the district, and also the headquarters of the Howrah Sadar subdivision of the district. The winter months, from about the end of November to the end of February, are pleasant and rainless; fogs and mists occasionally reduce visibility in the early morning hours at this season, as also do thick blankets of smog in the evenings. Kolkata is also called the “Cultural Capital of India” as it is one of the most important cultural centers in the country. About Kolkata The capital of West Bengal, Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is one of the important metropolitan cities in India. Howrah Station is said to be the busiest station in India for its capacity, and capability of handling plenty numbers of unique trains on a daily basis. During October and November the rainfall dwindles. Kolkata is also nick […] Kolkata City Information. First of All Open Given Link using Google Pay App. The whole city twinkles with millions of lights around the city. Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. This city is famous for providing tram services since 1902 by the Calcutta tramways companies. Street Food. Kolkata is known as the city of joy because of many reasons, including these and some of the other such reasons can be explained as follows:-Why Kolkata Is Called The City … If you wish to break free from the clutches of the monotony of the everyday hustle and bustle of your daily life, the city has numerous options when it comes to exploration. She has been working with various local service providers at servicesutra. The area is administered by the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). Pop. And as per the slum dwellers, most of them work in laundering, housecleaning, sweeping, plastic salvaging, plumbing, furniture making, electrical wiring, TV repair, masonry, messaging, hawking, rickshaw pulling, hair design, folk medicine, music and art, tailoring, leather work, shoe making, and food selling. Situated on the eastern banks of river Hooghly, Kolkata is East India's most important commercial, cultural, and educational centre with a rich history that dates back several centuries. 6. It has the oldest golf club in India. Also read: Dry Days In Kolkata 2020, Stock Up For Your Parties Accordingly. 5. Similar topography on the west bank of the river has confined the metropolitan area largely to a strip 3 to 5 miles (5 to 8 km) wide on either bank of the river. Kolkata Metropolitan Area, also known as Greater Kolkata, is the urban agglomeration of the city of Kolkata in the Indian state of West Bengal. The … It was founded on 15 August 1889 and is one of India's top football clubs. Apr 27, 2019 - #kolkata #cityofjoy Kolkata also known as Calcutta is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Suburbs of Kolkata include Haora (Howrah) on the west bank, Baranagar to the north, South Dum Dum to the northeast, Behala to the south, and Garden Reach in the southwest. Factories, motor vehicles, and thermal-generating stations, which burn coal, are primary causes of this pollution, but monsoon winds act as cleansing agents by bringing in fresh air masses and also hastening the removal of water pollution. The places surrounding Kolkata are so versatile that you will be surprised that you did not know many of their names. Kolkata has a nickname, the "City of Palaces". Kolkata (Bengali:কলকাতা) [] (formerly Calcutta) is the capital of West Bengal and the second largest city in India (after Mumbai). In 2001 the government of West Bengal officially changed the name of the city to Kolkata. : [ Open] 2. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. Kolkata is one of the largest cities in India, but unlike the other large metropolis, this northeast Indian city, capital of Bengal, has an identity and character all its own. Till the year 2006, Kolkata didn’t have any train station named ‘Kolkata’ from where one could board mails and expresses until the Kolkata station also known as the Chitpur Station was inaugurated. The low, swampy, hot, and humid riverbank otherwise has little to recommend it. Kolkata is India’s second largest city and is among one of the four metropolitan cities of India. Kolkata is also known as the "City of Palaces", there is the privately owned Marble Palace, a nineteenth-century Neoclassical mansion housing artwork, the Victoria Memorial, the British built memorial to Queen Victoria is made of white Makrana marble from Rajasthan. B. D. Bagh area. Most of this falls from June to September, the period of the monsoon. Located on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River, the city is approximately 80 kilometres (50 mi) west of the border with Bangladesh. Introduction KolkataKolkata,, formerly known asformerly known as CalcuttaCalcutta, is the capital of the, is the capital of the IndianIndian state ofstate of West BengalWest Bengal.. One of the old building is Victoria Memorial is one of the beautiful architect of Kolkata and one of the main tourist destination. This city is famous for its grand colonial architecture, art galleries, food, music and cultural festivals. They are not all naturally gorgeous. Kolkata has an Indian Premier League franchise known as the Kolkata Knight Riders; the Cricket Association of Bengal, which regulates cricket in West Bengal, is also based in the city. Free Kolkata Ticket – Kolkata is Not Rare City Ticket , But During The Kolkata Event You Will Get Assured Kolkata City Ticket By Just Sharing The Event Button Like We Did in Other Events. Kolkata, which is often called the city of joy is one great destination which is rich in many monuments which reflects the beauty of the glorious past. It is famous for its Rajbaris. The metropolitan city of Kolkata is not just well-known for its roshogollas, mishit dohi, trams, Howrah Bridge and Victoria memorial, but also for its inexpensive nature. Overall education system in Kolkata is at par when compared with the other metro cities. In this post, I am going to share 7 important places that you should visit in your trip to Kolkata. The area covers 4 municipal corporations along with 37 municipalities. It is also known as “the city of furious, creative energy”. Obelisks, skyscrapers, and carnivals are just a few of the fixtures that make these cities famous. Kolkata has also experienced some of the very well-known monarchial as well as bureaucratic rules, which have profoundly influenced its culture. Street food and bustling city’s just go hand in hand and Kolkata is no less a bustling city … The languages spoken in the city of Kolkata are Bengali language , which is also known as Bangla and Hindi , which is the national Indian language. KOLKATA: Amid the pandemic, Calcutta which is known as the cultural capital of the country for its love for culture is gradually patronizing artistes … According to some, Kalikata is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, meaning “Ground of (the goddess) Kali.” Some say the city’s name derives from the location of its original settlement on the bank of a canal (khal). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. After the Frankfurt Book Fair and the London Book Fair,Kolkata Book fair is recognized as the world’s largest conglomeration of books and Asia’s largest book fair. Kolkata has been immortalised time and again in Hollywood and Bollywood movies as there are world famous attractions like the Howrah Bridge and the famous tram service that plies in the city. Her next goal is to become a successful vblogger. When you’re heading over to Kolkata… The Birla Planetarium in Kolkatais the largest planetarium in Asia, and the second largest in the world. Eden gardens Kolkata is the third largest stadium as per seating arrangement. Two planned townships in the greater Kolkata region are Bidhannagar, also known as Salt Lake City and located north-east of the city and Rajarhat, also … 24th August, to be precise. 1. 1. KOLKATA: Kolkata’s Kalighat temple may soon get a golden crown and join the league of other famous temples located across India known to have spectacular gold crowns. Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta turned 330-years-old this week. The total area of the state of West Bengal is 88,752 square Km, out of which Kolkata, the capital city takes just an area of only 185 square Km. The city of Kolkata is the capital of the state of West Bengal. Mohun Bagan club was also associated with India's freedom struggle. Literacy rate in Kolkata is 87.14%, which is far better than national average of 74%. It has also been called the literary capital of India, having been home to many of the country’s leading literary figures. Kolkata old name was Calcutta. Eastward from the river the land slopes away to marshes and swamplands. The Royal Calcutta Golf Club is the first golf club ever outside the United Kingdom. The city is located near the Bay of Bengal in the north east of the country on the left banks of the Hooghly River, a major distributary of the Ganges. The city is home to the oldest and the widest banyan tree in the world.Known as The Great Banyan Tree, you can catch a glimpse of this at Kolkata’s … 3. Kolkata is an important centre for banking and finance. Fashioned by the colonial British in the manner of a grand European capital—yet now set in one of the poorest and most overpopulated regions of India—Kolkata has grown into a city of sharp contrasts and contradictions. The Howrah Bridge is not just an identity of the city, but it’s also one of the largest cantilever bridges in the world, and the largest and perhaps the only one in India. Kolkata is known as the City of Palaces because of the number of buildings built by the British Raj during the 19th century. Its citizens exhibit a great joie de vivre that is demonstrated in a penchant for art and culture and a high level of intellectual vitality and political awareness. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? It continues to puzzle newcomers and to arouse an abiding nostalgia in the minds of those who have lived there. Kolkata is better known as the “city of joy”, but do you know it has other names such as “city of palaces”, and the “cultural capital of India”? A third opinion traces it to the Bengali words for lime (calcium oxide; kali) and burnt shell (kata), since the area was noted for the manufacture of shell lime. During the British colonial era from 1700-1912, when Kolkata was the capital of British India, Kolkata witnessed a spate of frenzied construction activity of buildings largely influenced by the conscious intermingling of Gothic, Baroque, Roman, Oriental and Islamic schools of design. Now also known as Tagore museum, it is dedicated to the life and works of the Nobel Laureate and the Bengal Renaissance. City of Palaces. Reclamation of the Salt Lake area on the northeastern fringe of the city, however, demonstrated that the spatial expansion of the city is feasible, and further reclamation projects have been undertaken to the east, south, and west of the central area. Someone once said, “Kolkata is the best city to fall in love, it is a beautiful city and people there have time for something as precious as love”. Cultural activities dominate the city, so industries promoting art and culture also prevail here. Kolkata has a nickname, the "City of Palaces". This large and vibrant Indian city thrives amid seemingly insurmountable economic, social, and political problems. It has kept intact its unique identity over decades. Dakshineswar Kali Temple. The city of Kolkata is the capital of the state of West Bengal. Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal, a state rich in natural resources with a thriving tea production industry. The name of that village and present day Kolkata are derived from the Bengali word kilkila, which means flat area. The city situated on the banks of Hooghly River, traditionally called Ganga or also called Kali Ganga. On a dry day, liquor shops remain closed. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Also known as the ‘Cultural Capital of India’, Kolkata preserves the remnants of British Raj in its Victorian-style architecture, trams and cuisine. Kolkata was the capital of the British Indian empire until 1911 when the capital was relocated to Delhi. The city is extremely friendly and very lenient compared to the other cities. If you wish to break free from the clutches of the monotony of the everyday hustle and bustle of your daily life, the city has numerous options when it comes to exploration. Hence, to avoid any last-minute disappointments in the upcoming year, here is a list of dry days in Kolkata. The Khidderpore port in Kolkata is India’s only riverine port and also the oldest port in the country. Kolkata served as the British capital till 1912, before it was shifted to Delhi. Ballygunge is also one of the posh areas in Kolkata. Kolkata is better known as the “city of joy”, but do you know it has other names such as “city of palaces”, and the “cultural capital of India”? The name change is also a nod to the origins of the city: Kolkata is said to resemble Kôlikata, the name of one of the three villages that originally existed on the site. January- Since the Kolkata metropolitan area incorporates parts of districts like North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas, Howrah, Hooghly, and Nadia, there are two more municipal corporations as well other than KMC. Hotels in Kolkata Kolkata, also known as the City of Joy, is India's third largest metropolitan city. 4. Kolkata is known for its largest book market across India, i.e. So, moving to Kolkata and staying there wouldn’t be a bad choice. Kolkata-the city of joy 1. I was born and brought up here in Kolkata. The Salt Lake stadiumin Kolkata is the second largest football stadium in the world, in terms of seating capacity. Test your knowledge of big cities and their features. Kolkata Metropolitan Area, also known as Greater Kolkata, is the urban agglomeration of the city of Kolkata in the Indian state of West Bengal.It is the third most populous metropolitan area in India after Delhi and Mumbai.The area is administered by the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). New Town and extension of Salt Lake’s Sector-V of Kolkata are rapidly turning into a preferred IT destination. Installation of a … List of dry days in Kolkata 2021. Mumbai isn’t just the wealthiest city in the country, but among the wealthiest globally. A city of commerce, transport, and manufacture, Kolkata is the dominant urban centre of eastern India. Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta) is the largest city in the region, also the temple cities of Puri of Lord Jagannath fame and Bhubaneswar are both in Odisha (formerly known as Orissa). The city is also a major hub for the information technology industry in India. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The city was renamed, Kolkata in 2001. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, IndiaNetzone - Kolkata, Indian City, West Bengal, India Video - Kolkata City - A Short Trip, Kolkata - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Kolkata - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Kolkata Book Fair is the most popular and biggest fair across Asia. Kolkata is of one the top city in India, the city is also known for its culture, traditions and job opportunities that welcomes expats & students for jobs and education. Again it’s the third largest Urban economy of India. It is one of India’s largest cities and one of its major ports. Kolkata is also the biggest city of the state and a major commercial and education hub. It is a city made by the British Empire; it was the capital of British India from 1773 to 1911. Apart from these English is also commonly understood and spoken by all educated people in this township. Yesterday, The Hon'ble Prime Minister of India, Shri… Kolkata is also the biggest city of the state and a major commercial and education hub. The location of the city appears to have been originally selected partly because of its easily defensible position and partly because of its favourable trading location. Kolkata was formerly known as Calcutta, which was named during the British ruling era. 77.68% of the total populations in Kolkata are of Hindus, followed by Muslims (20.27%) and Christians (0.88%).Other religions such as Sikh, Buddhist and etc form the remainder of the population. Spread over an area of 35000 sq m, it houses the Rabindra Bharati University. Kolkata is often described as the cultural capital of India. Kolkata is also home to one of the oldest squash and rackets clubs in the world - the Calcutta Racket Club, founded in 1793. Kolkata, which is also fondly known as the 'City of Joy', is the treasure trove of rich culture and heritage. Some key attractions include Eden Garden, Bellur Math Temple, Aurobindo Ashram, Birla Planetarium, Marble Place and the Howrah Bridge. Kolkata (/ kɒlˈkɑːtə / or / kɒlˈkʌtə /, Bengali: [ˈkolˌkata] (listen), also rendered Calcutta / kælˈkʌtə /, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Omissions? The city doesn’t lack in education, health facilities, housing, transportation, and other important facilities. Kolkata is also known for having India’s first underground rail metro service. Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal state so there are many government buildings and Kolkata is also one business center of this part of India. The whole city twinkles with millions of lights around the city. In short, Kolkata remains an enigma to many Indians as well as to foreigners. Chhattisgarh; Jharkhand; Odisha (previously known as Orissa) — Discover the religious sites or enjoy some time at the beach. This city is also known as the city of joy. States . Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River. Yet for all of Kolkata’s vitality, many of the city’s residents live in some of the worst conditions, far removed from the cultural milieu. The city is also known for the biggest celebration of the festival Durga Puja. Last year it has been estimated that Kolkata had a population of around 4.6 million, which makes it the 7th most populous city in India. It is where the headquarters of multiple financial institutions are located – from the Bombay Stock Exchange, Reserve Bank of India, National Stock Exchange, and the Mint, to Indian business giants such as the Tata Group, Aditya Birla Group, Essel Group and Reliance Industries. Calcutta Polo Club is the world’s first Polo club in the world. Kolkata grew rapidly in the 19th century to become the second city of the British Indian Empire. The City was the Capital of India under British Raj from 1773 to 1911. It is considered the cultural capital of India because of a large number of writers, painters, dancers, and artists come from this city. These months are very humid and sometimes sultry. Situated on the eastern banks of river Hooghly, Kolkata is East India's most important commercial, cultural, and educational centre with a rich history that dates back several centuries. The city’s energy nevertheless penetrates even to the poorest areas, as a large number of Kolkatans sincerely support the efforts of those who minister to the underprivileged. When compared to the other metro cities, Kolkata is said to be the most economical city. People from other states wouldn’t even find it difficult to communicate because there are many non-Bengali habitats living in many parts of the city. Also, this city is the capital of West Bengal. Along with the main port of communication for North east India ,it is the primary business, commercial and financial hub of Eastern India. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. The city offers a range of educational institutions and universities for students at various levels. This city is famous for its grand colonial architecture, art galleries, food, music and cultural festivals. Several other large financial companies and insurance companies are also headquartered in Kolkata. Earlier known as Calcutta, the city was founded in 1698 and served as the capital of British India till 1911 and then was shifted to Delhi. But other than Kolkata’s economical qualities, scenic beauty, and other attractions, it is necessary for one to know the other basic and important facts about the city. Architect of Kolkata under British Raj during the British East India Company and then by the British Empire Bagan was... Furious, creative energy ” metro cities sections you would like to print:?! Area of 35000 sq m, it houses the Rabindra Bharati University museum, is. Rich in natural resources with a seasonal regime of monsoons ( rain-bearing winds ) an area of sq! 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