Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Maharaja Sayyajirao University, Baroda. Entry to the houses were on Main Street while other sites of IVC have lateral entry. Presence of cooking area, water reservoir in houses. Lothal is thought to have direct sea trade links with Mesopotamia because of finding of an Iranian seal from there. Important findings of Lothal include an artificial dockyard {which makes it an important sea link}, rice husk {rice husk has been found only at Lothal and Rangpur}, bead making factory etc. Rakhigarhi in Hissar, Haryana is one of the largest sites of Indus Valley. It was a major urban centre during its mature phase surrounded by extensive walls. It may have been the third major center in the IVC as it is near to the copper-rich mines in Rajasthan. Over 1000 Indus Valley Civilization sites have been discovered. 27. There is an open ground out of the fortifications. It is a 6×12 meter specimen of beautiful brick work. 28. Banawali is located in Hissar district of Haryana. This is also called Harappan Civilization after the first city to be excavated, Harappa (Punjab, Pakistan). The Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Civilization was the culmination of a long and sustained cultural evolution in the Indus Valley and surrounding areas. [3] Only 40 sites are located on the river Indus and its tributaries and around 1,100 (80%) sites sites are located on the plains between rivers Ganges and Indus. A sculpture of a bronze chariot, 45 cm long and 16 cm wide, yoked to two oxen, driven by a man 16 cm high standing in it; and three other bronze sculptures. Further, Harappa was also a meeting point of trade routes … In North, it extended Afghanistan while in South, its extent was up at least Maharashtra state. Figure of chariot tied to a pair of bullocks and driven by a nude human, Water harvesting and number of reservoirs, use of rocks for constructions, Largest burial site of IVC, with 65 burials, found in India. [2] The oldest site of Indus Valley Civilization, Bhirrana[4] and the largest site, Rakhigarhi[5] are located in Indian state of Haryana. Statues of bull and mother goddess are other things found in Kot diji. Presence of a fortified citadel in almost all urban centres. This apart, the two rows of granaries with brick platforms, a citadel on elevated platform, a supposed workmen’s quarter, vanity case, furnaces, crucibles for bronze smelting etc. Two archaeological sites found to define Indus valley civilization… The ruins of the site … Alamgirpur is located in Meerut in Uttar Pradesh and is considered to be easternmost boundary of Indus Valley. High quality barley has been found at Banawali. This civilization is known with these three names-Indus Civilization; Indus Valley Civilization; Harappa Civilization; More than 1000 sites were found of this Civilization. Dholavira is located in Rann of Katch of Gujarat. major unexcavated site (greater than 300 hectares), Bead making factory, dockyard, button seal, fire altars, painted jar, earliest cultivation of rice (1800 BC), northernmost Harappan site in Himalayan foothills, Earliest agricultural community (7000-5000 BC). The bricks in other sites were baked ones, while Kalibangan bricks are earthen ones. The water for the bath was provided from a well in an adjacent room. The ruins of Mohenjo-daro were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980. Alamgirpur is another prominent archaeological site of the Indus Valley Civilization in Uttar Pradesh’s Meerut district. Arts of Indus Valley Civilization. Presence of residential and non-residential buildings. Lothal is located in Ahmadabad, Gujarat. Harappa was discovered by Dayaram Sahni in 1921. Ceramic artifacts, including bowls. The Indus Valley Civilization covered parts of Sind, Baluchistan, Afganistan, West Punjab, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab and Maharashtra. Rangpur in Ahmedabad, near river Meedar 5. Pottery of wheels and bead making industries. Mittathal is located in the Bhiwani district of Haryana. Also known as Parasaram-ka-khera, this settlement along the Yamuna River existed from 3300 BC to 1300 BC from the Harappan-Bara period. Over 1400 Indus Valley Civilization sites have been discovered, of which 925 sites are in India and 475 sites in Pakistan, while some sites in Afghanistan are believed to be trading colonies. It flourished between 2600 BC and 1900 BC (Mature Indus Valley Civilization). This civilization was largest of the four ancient urban civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, South Asia and China and covered an area of around 1.3 million square kilometers. India Archaeology 1976-77, A Review. Kalibangan (black bangles) is in Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan. Indus River Valley Civilization was discovered by the archaeologists in the 1920s. Harappa is the first discovered site of this civilization excavated in 1921 by a team led by Daya Ram Sahni. B) Sutkagen Dor done clear. Earliest Pre-Harappan site, Copper smelting. It was an important coastal town along with Lothal and Balakot (in Pakistan) and is considered to be the western border of Indus Valley Civilization. The evidence of residence outside a Citadel have been found in Mittathal. Indus Valley civilization is now considered as a continuation of the neolithic Mehrgarh culture which flourished between 7000BC to 5000BC. Bhagatrav is located in Bharuch district of Gujarat along the Arabian Sea coast and seems to have remained an important port of the Indus valley. It was located on the banks of now dried up Sarwaswati River; and flourished for at least 5 centuries. ", "Hidden agenda testing models of the social and political organisation of the Indus Valley tradition", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Indus_Valley_Civilisation_sites&oldid=1001403383, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Human skeleton, ornaments, 5 meter long and 3 meter clay oven, a pitcher filled with 8000 pearls, Late Harappan seal, inscribed jar, the mould of coppersmith, a copper fishhook, Graffiti of a dancing girl on pottery, which resembles a dancing girl statue found at Mohenjo-Daro. Archaeological Survey of India.Page 19. The people of this civilization were definitely in touch with the other civilizations especially with Mesopotamian civilization. View Solution play_arrow; question_answer29) In which of the following Indus Valley sites, the cemetery R … 1. Due to this, Harappa remained occupied for a long time. The remains of the Indus Valley Civilization cities indicate remarkable organization; there were well-ordered wastewater drainage and trash collection systems, and possibly even public granaries and baths. List of archaeological sites by continent and age, "A unique Late Bronze Age copper fish-hook from Bet Dwarka Island, Gujarat, west coast of India: Evidence on the advance fishing technology in ancient India", "Explorations, and excavations: Gujarat: 19. This area is triangular in shape and no other ancient civilization was extended to such a large area. A terracotta cartwheel has been found. Indus Valley Civilization is very important for UPSC, PCS and other competitive exams. R.D. The forms of art found from various sites of civilisation include sculptures, seals, pottery, gold … Town Planning. Notable findings at Mohenjo-Daro are the magnum opus Great Bath, uniform buildings and weights, hidden drains and other hallmarks of the civilization. Excavation at Desalpur (Gunthli), District Kutch", https://www.researchgate.net/publication/263580655_Was_the_Rann_of_Kachchh_navigable_during_the_Harappan_times_Mid-Holocene_An_archaeological_perspective, "Excavations at Kanjetar and Kaj on the Saurashtra Coast, Gujarat", https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315796119_Fish_Otoliths_from_Navinal_Kachchh_Gujarat_Identification_of_Taxa_and_Its_Implications, "Nageswara: a Mature Harappan Shell Working Site on the Gulf of Kutch, Gujarat", "What have been the most interesting findings about the Harappan Civilization during the last two decades? Weapons and Metals of Indus valley civilization WEAPONS The main weapon of war and hunting were axe, spear, dagger, bow and arrow, mace, sling, sword, shield and armour. Basic Facts about Indus Valley Civilization: Indus Valley Civilization was an ancient civilization that thrived along the course of Indus River in North-Western part of Indian subcontinent. Lothal, the dockyard site of the Indus Valley Civilization, is situated in A. Gujarat B. Punjab C. Pakistan D. Haryana. 29. The common features of all the Indus valley civilizations are as follows: © Copyright 2009-2019 GKToday | All Rights Reserved, Salient Common Features of Entire Civilization, Current Affairs [PDF] - January 1-15, 2021, Current Affairs MCQs PDF - December, 2020, Current Affairs [PDF] - December 16-31, 2020. Its location along old course of Ravi provided access to trade networks, aquatic food and water for drinking and cultivation. Harappa also is the only site which yields the evidence of coffin burial. Indus Valley Civilization is spread across hundreds of sites and it had numerous inventions … The Indus Valley civilization covered a large area – from Balochistan (Pakistan) to Gujarat (Republic of India). This along with Lothal are two sites where rice husk has been found by archaeologists. This map shows a cluster of Indus Valley Civilization cities and excavation sites along the course of the Indus River in Pakistan. It is located in the Larkana District of Sindh Pakistan on bank of Indus River. There are also no remains of great statues of kings or gods. This city was destructed by Force or some fire. Chanhu Daro is situated 130 kms south of Mohenjo-Daro in Sindh and is the only harappan city which does not have a fortified citadel. have also been found. It is located in Punjab Province, Pakistan, on an old bank / bed of the River Ravi. Ropar in Punjab was excavated under Y D Sharma. Go to History Notes & Study Materials Page. Banerjee discovered Mohenjodaro or ‘Mound of the Dead’ (on Indus… A tar is the major object found here. Suktagendor was located around 55 kms from the shore of Arabian Sea on the Bank of Dasht River near the Iran Border. A citadel have been found by archaeologists building found at Mohenjo-Daro are the magnum opus bath... 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